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ANMED Issue: 2003-1
 
The Epigraphical and Historical-Geographical Surveys in East and Northeast Lycia and Southwest Pisidia 2001 and 2002
Bülent İPLİKÇİOĞLU
 

This project was initiated in 1990 under the direction of Prof. Dr. Bülent İplikçioğlu of Marmara University, Istanbul, with the financial support of the Austrian Academy of Sciences Commission of Asia Minor and, was continued in 2001 and 2002. Research Asst. Hüseyin Sami Öztürk and Archaeologist-Ancient Historian Ayşegül Ergene of Marmara University contributed greatly to the surveys as project assistants. Assc. Prof. Dr. A. Vedat Çelgin of Istanbul University joined the project as a guest in 2002 for a period of time and provided great support to the team.

Field work was carried out at the following sites within the province of Antalya: in the villages or neighbourhoods of Çitdibi, Doyran, Gökdere, Geyikbayırı, Hacı-sekililer, Hisarçandır, Hurma, Üçoluk and Yarbağçandır in the central township of Antalya; at the villages of Bozcabayır, Dereköy, Macun and Hacıyusuflar in the township of Elmalı; at the village of Gömbe in the township of Kaş; at the villages of Beldibi, Kuzdere, Ovacık and Söğütcuması in the township of Kemer; at the villages of Mamatlar, Duraliler, Nebiler, Kızılcadağ, Kızılaliler, Büyükkaraman Yaylası, Bahçeyaka and İmrahor in the township of Korkuteli; at the villages of Altınyaka, Büyükalan, Dereköy, Karaağaç, Karacaören and Yazır in the township of Kumluca; at the ancient city of Termessos and Neapolis peripolion in its territory, and at the the ancient city or Trebenna and Onobara in its territory. In these places visited by our team, more than 90 inscriptions were discovered and documented. The important conclusions we derived from these finds
are as follows:

17 votive inscriptions were found about 2 km to the west of Tanabeli (Danabeli) Area on the north-northeast slope of Akdağ and were given to the Elmalı Depot of Antalya Museum. These inscriptions made it possible to identify the site as a cult place dedicated to the god Kakasbos. The site is in bad state of preservation and votive fragments lie scattered all around.

In 2000 a cult place to the god Ares was identified in the ‹kizce (Ekizce) or Sedir Yaylası Area, 1,5 - 2 km to the north of Havuzönüdamı, within the territory of Hisarçandır village. The site yielded more finds in 2001 and it is to be understood that this cult place was quite popular in antiquity and many visitors came from the nearby cities (e.g. from Myra and Kitanaura). A votive inscription from this cult place facilitated the documentation, for the first time, of the ethnikon of the city of Kitanaura. The site is well preserved and the research team plans to continue work here in the future. In the Gavurbeleni Area, 1 km to the east of Sivridağ, a rock inscription was discovered at a place where the territories of Typallia, Trebenna and Onobara meet. The aforementioned inscription probably indicates the border between Typallia (or Trebenna) and Onobara. A grave inscription recovered in the Dipsiz-Dinek Çeşmesi (Çaltılı Tarla) Area, 1-1,5 km to the northnorthwest of Gavuryolu furnished us with clear proof that the sovereignty of the Trebenna-Onobora sympoliteia reached the sea.

Three inscriptions from Termessos - two votive and one name-list - are related to the Theoi Dikaoi (i.e. fair gods). These rare inscriptions concern these much less well known gods amongst the many cults of antiquity.

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